As nationalism grew in the 18th and 19th centuries, the Law Merchant was incorporated into countries’ local law under new civil codes. In contrast to English common law, which consists of enormous tomes of case law, codes in small books are easy to export and easy for judges to apply. However, today there are signs that civil and common law are converging. EU law is codified in treaties, but develops through de facto precedent laid down by the European Court of Justice.
- Thus, each legal system can be hypothesised to have a basic norm instructing us to obey.
- In India, the Hindu legal tradition, along with Islamic law, were both supplanted by common law when India became part of the British Empire.
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The Catholic Church has the oldest continuously functioning legal system in …